Commentators and Authorities

From Reconciling understandings of Scripture and Science
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This page lists individuals and institutions cited as authoritative, or otherwise interesting, in this wiki. A similar page lists Christadelphians cited; individuals who belong on both pages are cross-linked.

Organisations and aggregator sites generally affirming mainstream science

Counterbalance Foundation

Adrian M. Wyard, a former Microsoft designer with formal studies in Science and Religion, has set up the non-profit Counterbalance Foundation, which has contributions from many leaders of academic and sectarian thought, such as Francisco Ayala, Ian G Barbour, John D Barrow, Michael Behe, Charles Birch, . . . , Stephen Weinberg, reflecting all the viewpoints in our Many perspectives index.

Biologos Foundation

See the Biologos Foundation's "About Us" page; also below under Francis Collins.

American Science Affiliation

The American Science Affiliation (ASA) is a Christian organization of scientists and people in science-related disciplines. It publishes the journal Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, which has published various OEC and evolutionary viewpoints on Origins but consistently opposed Flood Geology.

Science Meets Religion

Science Meets Religion is "a website dedicated to the search for harmony between science and religion" set up and maintained by David H. Bailey: "The objective of this website is to collect high-quality, authoritative information on topics in the intersection of science and religion, and to present this information in a rigorous, well-documented manner."

Old Earth Ministries

Old Earth Ministries (formerly Answers in Creation) by Greg Neyman"comparing Young Earth Creationism with Science, removing the YEC stumbling block to Belief". Its view that YEC is a stumbling block is summarised in this cartoon by Matt McClure.

Scientific American

See here for links to the essay "Fifteen Answers" by former editor of Scientific American magazine, John Reddie.


Rabbis, Academic Biblicists, Linguists, Theologians and Historians

  • Abrabanel
  • Netziv — Rabbi Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin (1816-1893) known as "Netziv". See at Netziv
  • Ronald L. Numbers is Professor of the History of Science and Medicine at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
  • Rashi — Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhak (1040-1105) known as "Rashi"
  • John H. Walton is an academic Old Testament scholar. His books include The Lost World of Genesis One: Ancient Cosmology and the Origins Debate, The Lost World of Scripture: Ancient Literary Culture and Biblical Authority and The Lost World of Adam and Eve: Genesis 2–3 and the Human Origins Debate. A summary of the main concept of Walton's Lost World of Genesis One, made by a Calvinist theologian, is here.

Scientists working in Relevant Fields

Dr Francis Collins

Francis Collins was head of the successful Human Genome Project. His book The Language of God describes his journey from atheism to Christian belief, coming to realise that science is not in conflict with the Bible, and actually enhances faith. After the success of The Language of God, Collins founded, a website for questions and answers about science and faith, with essays by experts fields such as Biblical studies, Theology, History, Philosophy, Life Sciences and Physical Sciences. See links in this wiki at Francis S Collins.

Professor R. Joel Duff

Professor R. Joel Duff is a biologist at the University of Akron in Akron, Ohio, USA. He blogs pseudonymously as the Natural Historian.

His research into biodiversity informs his critique of Baraminology. His detailed introduction to the concept of Baraminology, with historical overview and critique is here: Did Modern Animals Evolve From the Inhabitants of the Ark?

Open access paper

Duff, R.J., Beatman, T.R. & MacMillan, D.S. Dissent with modification: how postcreationism’s claim of hyperrapid speciation opposes yet embraces evolutionary theory. Evo Edu Outreach 13, 9 (2020).

Prof. Paul Braterman

Professor Emeritus Paul Braterman is a chemist who writes in favour of separating creationist beliefs from scientific thinking.

Dr Stephen Godfrey

Dr Stephen Godfrey, a Christian palaeontologist — writes on the analogy of Theistic Meteorology at here.

William Kirk Hobart

Rev. William Kirk Hobart, LL.D., author of The Medical Language Of St. Luke A Proof from Internal Evidence that "The Gospel According to St. Luke" and "The Acts of the Apostles" Were Written by the Same Person, and that the Writer was a Medical Man (1882)

Dr John Lennox

Dr John Lennox, Emeritus Professor of Mathematics at Oxford, believes in evolution with divine intervention. Usually, however, he does not mention this in his frequent debates defending Christianity against atheists.

Dr Stephen Matheson

Dr Stephen Matheson, cell biologist and science editor, blogs at Quintessence of Dust and has formerly written for Biologos.

Trailblazers up to the 20th Century

Organisations and aggregator sites questioning mainstream science