Joshua 10:10-15

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10And the LORD threw them into a panic before Israel, who inflicted a great slaughter on them at Gibeon, chased them by the way of the ascent of Beth-horon, and struck them down as far as Azekah and Makkedah. 11 As they fled before Israel, while they were going down the slope of Beth-horon, the LORD threw down huge stones from heaven on them as far as Azekah, and they died; there were more who died because of the hailstones than the Israelites killed with the sword. 12On the day when the LORD gave the Amorites over to the Israelites, Joshua spoke to the LORD; and he said in the sight of Israel,

     “Sun, stand still at Gibeon,
       and Moon, in the valley of Aijalon.”
     13And the sun stood still, and the moon stopped,
       until the nation took vengeance on their enemies.

Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? The sun stopped in midheaven, and did not hurry to set for about a whole day. 14There has been no day like it before or since, when the LORD heeded a human voice; for the LORD fought for Israel.

New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright © 1989 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

This passage illustrates the geocentric language of the Bible, assuming that the sun and moon move around the earth. This is contrary to the heliocentric model accepted by modern science: the Bible is using Phenomenological Language here. See Theistic Heliocentrism for the comparison between Heliocentrism and Evolution.


Such contradictions between Scripture and modern science are real, but not always appreciated: if the science is correct, then there must be an error in the Bible; but the simplest response for a Bible believer is to assume that there must be an error in the science. This was the approach of the "Christadelphian Answers" website:

Tragically we now find that even amongst the ranks of supposedly Bible based communities, including Christadelphians, we have determined attempts being made to make science and the Bible harmonise. This inevitably means re-interpreting the Bible to accommodate scientific conclusions.

See Does the earth move?

A chain of Bible references relevant to Geocentrism and Heliocentrism continues here →