Beliefs about descent from a single couple

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Monogenism: the belief that all humans are descended from a single couple ("monogenesis")
Polygenism: the belief that humans are descended from a (small) population of couples ("polygenesis")


Evolutionary Creationism Old Earth Creationism Young Earth Creationism
without "gap" with "gap"

Relevant Bible passages are listed here and ...


Young Earth Creationism (YEC)

Old Earth Creationism (OEC) with "Gap"

(See also The "Gap Theory".)

Bro James McCann defends Monogenesis here: Does the Bible teach Adam was the first man? Yes. (Deleted or moved as of May 2024 — it may be preserved at here or here.)

Old Earth Creationism (OEC)

Evolutionary Creationism (EC)

Christadelphians who accept evolution usually accept Biblical and scientific evidence that people are not descended from a single male ancestor, and reject ideas of primordial incest[1] as extra-Biblical [2] and wrong. Many believe that actual individuals called Adam and Eve existed and that all people alive today are descended from them: according to this view they are our universal ancestors, but not our exclusive universal ancestors, as the genetic record shows.


Deism, Agnosticism and Atheism

Non-theists have no reason to consider whether we have all descended from a single couple.