Psalm 92:9-11

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BibleOld TestamentPsalms

8 But thou, LORD, art most high for evermore.
For, lo, thine enemies, O LORD, for, lo, thine enemies shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered.
10 But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.
11 Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine enemies, and mine ears shall hear my desire of the wicked that rise up against me.

JPS Tanakh

*9 But You are exalted, O LORD, for all time.
*10 Surely, Your enemies, O LORD,
surely, Your enemies perish;
all evildoers are scattered.
*11  You raise my horn high like that of a wild ox;
I am soaked in freshening oil.
 * Hebrew Bible verse numbers


10 You exalt my horn like that of a wild ox.a
I am coveredb with fresh oil.

a. sn The horn of the wild ox is frequently a metaphor for military strength; the idiom "to exalt/lift up the horn" signifies military victory (see 1 Sam 2:10; Pss 75:10; 89:24; Lam 2:17).
b. tn The Hebrew verb בָּלַל (balal) usually has the nuance "to mix." Here it seems to mean "to smear" or "to anoint." Some emend the form to בַּלֹּתַנִי (ballotaniy; a second person form of the verb with a first person suffix) and read, "you anoint me."

A Creation Record

See comment at Psalm 87:4BP

From the Jewish Study Bible notes:

92.9: This v. is also an introduction to the following, since according to the Canaanite mythological tradition that Israel shared (see v. 10 n.), the high God ascended as king for all time only after his enemies had been vanquished.

92.10: A reuse and revision of the material known from the Baal epic, where Baal defeats the rebellious Sea, a myth that is reflected in much of the Bible (see 8.3 n.): "Now your enemy, O Baal, Now your enemy will you smite; Now will you cut off your adversaries" (ANET, p. 131, slightly modified). Here God's enemies are not mythological creatures but human evildoers (cf. v. 8).

Appropriation of ANE mythology

See Appropriation of ANE mythology.

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